Home Inspection Checklist

Guest blog post by Rick Vecchio, owner of GCA Home Inspections based out of Brick, NJ

If you’re buying a home, getting an inspection is an important step as a potential home buyer. A certified home inspector will give you objective opinion of the value of your soon-to-be investment.

Many first-time home buyers do not fully comprehend what home is involved in a home inspection. Here we’ll go over the entire process starting with a handy home inspection checklist.

Roof:

  • Type/Style
  • Roof
    • Material
    • Age
    • Leaks
  • Gutters
  • Downspouts
  • Flashing and Trim

Exterior:

  • Siding
  • Trim & Flashing
  • Exterior Doors
  • Windows
  • Driveways, Walkways, & Front Porches
  • Decks, Balconies, & Patios
  • Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls
  • Fence
  • Hose Bib
  • Shed/Outbuilding

Structure:

  • Foundation
  • Basements & Crawlspaces
  • Floor Structure
  • Wall Structure
  • Roofing/Attic Structure

Electrical:

  • Service Entrance Conductors and Meter
  • Main & Subpanels
  • Branch Wiring Circuits, Breakers & Fuses
  • Outlets, Switches, Fixtures & Junction Boxes
  • GFCI & AFCI
  • Smoke Detectors
  • Carbon Monoxide Detectors

Heating:

  • Equipment
    • Type
    • Fuel/Energy
    • Age
  • Distribution Systems
  • Ducting
  • Fireplace, Stove
  • Chimney, Vents and Flues

Cooling:

  • Cooling Equipment
    • Type
    • Age

Insulation/Ventilation:

  • Attic Insulation
    • R Value
    • Type
  • Wall Insulation
    • R Value
    • Type
  • Floor Insulation
    • R Value
    • Type
  • Ventilation
    • Roof
    • Soffits
  • Exhaust Systems
    • Kitchen
    • Bathroom
    • Laundry
  • Radon System

Plumbing:

  • Water Shut-off Device
  • Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems
  • Water Supply, Distribution Systems
  • Sinks
  • Tub / Shower
  • Water Heater
    • Type
    • Age
    • Capacity

Interior:

  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Floors
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Countertops
  • Cabinets

Garage:

  • Garage Door
  • Garage Door Opener
  • Bollard
  • Occupant Door (From garage to inside of home)
  • Attic
  • Floor
  • Walls
  • Ceiling

Appliance:

  • Refrigerator
  • Range/Oven/Cooktop
  • Dishwasher
  • Built-in Microwave
  • Garbage Disposal
  • Washing Machine
  • Dryer

Depending on the type of home you’re in and where you live, your inspection may differ from the generic checklist above. You may also choose to opt for additional services like mold, lead, asbestos, sewer, and radon testing.

A home inspector is hired to do a total overview of a house. Home inspections are done to validate the value of a home and bring to light any potential issues prior to purchase. It’s important to hire a certified home inspector because the real condition of a home is not always apparent to the untrained eye. Even if a home looks like it’s in perfect condition, there very well could be some serious structural issues.

Because buying a home is probably the biggest investment that you will make, getting a home inspection gives you the chance to avoid problems down the road. Buying a home is stressful enough, you don’t want to have to worry about problems with the house. Getting a home inspection will ease your mind knowing that you’re making a good investment.